Timothy (Phleum pratense) is the most important forage grass. The species has high dry matter production and excellent hardiness. The main breeding goals are to increase the dry matter production and the energy content. Mea dow fe scue (Festuca pratensis) has reliable durability and good re-growth.
Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is winter hardy and very productive in terms of re-growth. It can replace meadow fescue in some mixtures.
Festulolium is an interspecific cross, usually between Italian ryegrass and meadow fescue, but perennial ryegrass and tall fescue can also be used as parental species. The main goal for Festulolium is to combine the high production and good quality of ryegrass with the winter hardiness of fescue.
Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is easy to establish, grows fast and produces a high dry matter yield of good quality. The main weakness is the winter hardiness and this is the reason why perennial ryegrass is less important in Scandinavia than in central Europe. The main breeding goals are to improve the winter hardiness, increase dry matter production and increase resistance to crown rust.